TOP > LIST of "Status of Residence" > "Permanent Resident"
"Permanent Resident" or /eiju-sha/ in Japanese is one of the "Status of Residence" defined in the Japanese Immigration law.
A person who is holding "Permanet Resident" status can live, work and study without restriction like other status.
"Permanent resident" is a status of residence with no restrictions on employment under the Immigration Regulation, so even if the type of job changes, procedures such as changing the status are not required in principle. You can get any job that is legal in Japan, so you can expand your range of activities in Japan.
Duration of this status is indefinite, that is a person who is granted with this status can stay in Japan permanently unless he/she has any other impediment.
On the other hand, even if you are granted "Permanent Resident", you are still a foreigner (from the perspective of Japan), so the country of issue of your passport will not change. A residence card and re-entry procedures are also required. (Since the residence card has a "validity period", it is necessary to renew it every 7 years.)
The benefits of everyday life are that it increases social credibility and makes it easier for you to get a loan from a financial institution, such as a loan when you buy an apartment, etc.
1. Legal requirements
(1) The person is of good conduct.
The person observes Japanese laws and his/her daily living as a resident does not invite any social criticism.
(2) The person has sufficient assets or ability to make an independent living.
The person does not financially depend on someone in the society in his daily life, andhis/her assets or ability, etc. are assumed to continue to provide him/her with a stablebase of livelihood into the future.
(3) The person's permanent residence is regarded to be in accord with the interests ofJapan.
a) In principle, the person has stayed in Japan for more than 10 years consecutively. It is also required that during his/her stay in Japan the person has had work permit (with an exception for those with the "Technical Intern Training" and "Specified Skilled Worker (i)" residential status) or the status of residence for more than 5 years consecutively.
b) The person has been never sentenced to a fine or imprisonment. The person adequately fulfills public duties (duties such as the payment of taxes, public pension contribution and public health insurance contribution, as well as notification in accordance with the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act).
c) The maximum period of stay allowed for the person with his/her current status of residence under Annexed Table 2 of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act is to be fully utilized.
d) There is no possibility that the person could do harm from the viewpoint of protection of public health.
※ The requirements (1) and (2) above do not apply to spouses and children of Japanese nationals, special permanent residents or permanent residents, and requirement (2) does not apply for those who have been recognized as refugees
2. Special requirements for 10-year residence in principle
(1) The person is a spouse of a Japanese national, special permanent resident or permanent resident, and has been in a real marital relationship for more than 3 years consecutively and has stayed in Japan more than 1 year consecutively. Or, the person is a true child of a Japanese national, special permanent resident or permanent resident, and has stayed in Japan more than 1 yearconsecutively.
(2) The person has stayed in Japan for more than 5 years consecutively with the status of long term resident.
(3) The person has been recognized as a refugee, and has stayed in Japan for morethan 5 years consecutively after recognition.
(4) The person has been recognized to have made a contribution to Japan in diplomatic, social, economic, cultural or other fields, and has stayed in Japan for more than 5years. ※ Please see “Guidelines for Contribution to Japan.”
(5) The person has continuously stayed in Japan for 3 years or more in cases where such person engaged in the activities coming under any of item (xxxvi) or item (xxxvii) of the public notice (Public Notice No. 131 of 1990) specifying the activities listed in the right hand column of Appended Table I(5) of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act pursuant to the provisions of Article 7, paragraph (1), item (ii) of the same Act at a public or private organization located within the area of the plan specified in the regional revitalization plan approved under Article 5, paragraph (16) of the Regional Revitalization Act (Act No. 24 of 2005), and these activities are deemed to have made a contribution to Japan.
(6) The person has a total score of 70 points or more based on the points calculation criteria prescribed in the Ordinance to Provide for the Criteria in the Right-Hand Column Corresponding to “Highly-Skilled Professionals as Specified in Appended Table I(2) of the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act” (hereinafter referred to as “Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice”), and comes under one of the following.
a. The person who has continuously stayed in Japan as a “Highly-Skilled foreign
Professional” for 3 years or more.
b. The person who has continuously stayed in Japan for 3 years or more, and who is deemed to have a total of 70 points or more when calculating with reference to the situation at 3 years before the date of the application for permission for permanent residence.
(7) The person has a total score of 80 points or more based on the points calculation criteria prescribed in the “Ordinance of the Ministry of Justice” , and comes under one of the following.
a. The person who has continuously stayed in Japan as a “Highly-Skilled foreign
Professional” for 1 year or more.
b. The person who has continuously stayed in Japan for 1 year or more, and who is deemed to have a total of 80 points or more when calculating with reference to the situation at 1 year before the date of the application for permission for permanent residence.
(Note 1) In these guidelines, for the time being, any person whose period of stay is “three years” shall be regarded as a “person who is allowed to stay up to the maximum period of stay”, as specified in the above Section 1 (3) c).
(Note 2) The “Highly-Skilled Foreign Professional” in the abovementioned 2 (6) a. is a person staying in Japan, who is deemed to have a score of 70 points or more as a result of the points calculation, and the “Highly-Skilled Foreign Professional” in the abovementioned 2 (7) a. is a person staying in Japan, who is deemed to have a score of 80 points or more as a result of the points calculation.
(Quoted from IMMIGRATION HOMEPAGE.)
Guidelines for Permission for Permanent Residence
Guideline for Contribution to Japan
An application can be submitted at an immigration bureau or its branch where an applicant lives.
Tokyo Regional Immigration Services Bureau
(Tokyo Nyukan or Nyukoku-Kanri-Kyoku)
5-5-30 Konan, Minato-Ku, Tokyo
|Application Form with a photo|
|Certificate of Family Register ('koseki-tohon')|
|Certificate of Resident Registration ('jumin-hyo')|
|Tax Certificate issued by a municipal office|
Certificate of Employment
if an applicant is employed
if an applicant runs his/her own business and a license is required
|Letter of Guarantee|
Letter of Reason/Riyusho
to explain why you want to be a permanent resident
|Residence Card or Alien Registration Card|
Necessary documents vary from case to case. These documents are just samples.
List of "Status of Residence"
Table I (1)
||Diplomat Official Professor Artist Religious Activities Journalist|
|Table I (2)||Highly Skilled Professional Business Manager Legal/Accounting Services Medical Services Researcher Instructor Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/International Services Intracompany Transferee Nursing Care Entertainer Skilled Labor Specified Skilled Worker Technical Intern Training|
|Table I (3)||Cultural Activities Temporary Visitor|
|Table I (4)||Student Trainee Dependent|
|Table I (5)||Designated Activities|
|Table II||Permanent Resident Spouse or Child of Japanese national Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident Long Term Resident|
|Special Permanent Resident||Special Permanent Resident|
As a registered immigration/visa specialist or "Gyoseishoshi", we can offer various services related to immigration procedures.
Services we can offer are
Consultation - to find out Status of Residence/Procedures that may best suit you and/or your family member, etc.
Documentation - to prepare and/or advice the documents you need to submit to the Immigration Bureau
Representation/Agency - to submit the documents and communicate with the Immigration Bureau on your behalf
and so forth.
Please let us know your situation. Inquiry Form(Permanent Residency)
Followings are extracted from the web site of Japanese government. However, some of them might be old and different from the present rule. Please use at your own risk.
Those who are permitted permanent residency by the Minister of Justice
(Permission for Permanent Residence)
Article 22 (1) A foreign national who seeks to change their status of residence to that of "Permanent Resident" must file an application to the Minister of Justice for permission for permanent residence by taking the procedures provided for by Ministry of Justice Order.
(2) If an application as set forth in the preceding paragraph has been filed, the Minister of Justice may grant permission only if the Minister finds that the foreign national conforms to the following items and that their permanent residence conforms to the interests of Japan; provided, however, that in the case of spouses or children of Japanese nationals of residents with permanent residence status or of special permanent resident, they do not need to conform to the following items:
(i) the foreign national's behavior is good; and
(ii) the foreign national has sufficient assets or skills to make an independent living.
(3) If the Minister of Justice decides to grant the permission provided for in the preceding paragraph, the Minister is to have the Commissioner of the Immigration Services Agency notify the foreign national to that effect. In that case, this notification is to be made by the Commissioner of the Immigration Services Agency by having an immigration officer issue a residence card to the foreign national pertaining to the permission.
(4) The permission of the Minister of Justice pursuant to the provisions of paragraph (2) becomes effective when the residence card under the provisions of the preceding paragraph has been issued.
(Acquisition of Status of Residence)
Article 22-2 (1) Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 2-2, paragraph (1), a person who has renounced Japanese nationality, or a foreign national who is to stay in Japan without following the procedures for landing provided in the preceding Chapter, through birth or for any other grounds, may continue to stay in Japan without acquiring a status of residence for a period not exceeding 60 days from the date of their renouncement of Japanese nationality, birth, or the day other grounds arose.
(2) A foreign national prescribed by the preceding paragraph who seeks to stay in Japan beyond the period set forth in the same paragraph must file an application with the Minister of Justice for the acquisition of a status of residence within 30 days from the date of their renouncement of Japanese nationality, birth, or the day other grounds arose, pursuant to Ministry of Justice Order.
(3) The provisions of the main clause of Article 20, paragraph (3), paragraph (4) and paragraph (5) apply mutatis mutandis to the procedures for filing an application to acquire a status of residence prescribed in the preceding paragraph (except for an application to acquire the status of residence of permanent resident). In this case, "change of a status of residence" in the main clause of paragraph (3) of the same Article is deemed to be replaced with "acquisition of a status of residence."
(4) The provisions of the preceding Article apply mutatis mutandis to the procedures for an application to acquire the status of residence of permanent resident, out of the applications to acquire the status of residence as prescribed in paragraph (2). In this case, "seeks to change" is deemed to be replaced with "seeks to acquire"; and "change their status of residence to that," is deemed to be replaced with "acquire their status of residence," in paragraph (1) of the same Article.
(Permission for Permanent Residence)
Article 22 (1) A foreign national who seeks to apply for permission for permanent residence pursuant to the provisions of Article 22, paragraph (1) of the Act must submit a copy of the written proposal pursuant to the Appended Form No. 34, a photograph and a copy of each of the documents listed in the following items, and a copy of each of any other materials to be used as reference; provided, however, that the persons prescribed in the proviso to Article 22, paragraph (2) of the Act is not required to submit the documents listed in items (i) and (ii), and those recognized as refugees pursuant to the provisions of Article 61-2, paragraph (1) of the Act is not required to submit the document listed in item (ii):
(i) document proving that the foreign national's behavior and conduct are good;
(ii) document proving that the foreign national has sufficient assets or skills to earn an independent living; and
(iii) letter of guarantee by the foreign national's personal guarantor residing in Japan.
(2) In the case referred to in the preceding paragraph, if the application set forth in the preceding paragraph is an application for a person under 16 years of age, the submission of a photograph is not required; provided however, that this does not apply to cases in which the director of a regional immigration services bureau requires its submission.
(3) The provisions of Article 20, paragraph (4) apply mutatis mutandis to the application set forth in paragraph (1).
(Acquisition of the Status of Residence of "Permanent Resident")
Article 25 (1) Among foreign nationals who seek to apply for the acquisition of status of residence pursuant to the provisions of Article 22-2, paragraph (2) of the Act (including as applied mutatis mutandis pursuant to Article 22-3 of the Act), a foreign national who seeks to apply for acquisition of the status of residence of "Permanent Resident" as prescribed in Article 22-2, paragraph (4) of the Act must submit a a copy of the written application pursuant to the Appended Form No. 34, a photograph, the documents listed in Article 22, paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) of the preceding Article, and a copy of each of any other materials to be used as reference. In this case, the provisions of the proviso to Article 22, paragraph (1) are applied mutatis mutandis.
(2) In the case referred to in the preceding paragraph, if the application set forth in the preceding paragraph is an application for a person under 16 years of age, the submission of a photograph is not required; provided, however, that this does not apply to cases in which the director of the regional immigration services bureau requires its submission.
(3) The provisions of paragraph (4) of the preceding Article apply mutatis mutandis to the application set forth in paragraph (1).
Spouse or Child of Japanese national 「日本人の配偶者等」
Spouse or Child of Permanent Resident 「永住者の配偶者等」
Long Term Resident 「定住者」
Designated Activities 「特定活動」
Permanent Resident 「永住者」
Special Permanent Resident 「特別永住者」
Religious Activities 「宗教」
Business Manager 「経営・管理」
Legal/Accounting Services 「法律・会計業務」
Medical Services 「医療」
Engineer/Specialist in Humanities/
International Services 「技術・人文知識・国際業務」
Intracompany Transferee 「企業内転勤」
Nursing Care 「介護」
Skilled Labor 「技能」
Highly skilled professional visa
Highly Skilled Professional 「高度専門職」
Cultural Activities 「文化活動」
Temporary Visitor 「短期滞在」